The very last male northern white rhino left on earth has died yesterday, the 20th of March 2018. This has put his species on the danger of complete extinction.
The veterinary team in Kenya that had took care of him call upon the world, “There is no more time for us to delay protections for all the rare animals that are facing extinction.”
Kenya Ol Pejeta Conservancy Zoo has made an announcement on their official Twitter, the male northern white rhino, named Sudan, has died at the age of 45 in the Zoo on the morning of the 20th March 2018.
The northern white rhino was the most widespread subspecies of Sumatran rhinoceros, also the only known subspecies native to mainland Asia whilst the latter live in Indonesian islands. They have lived on the grassland in Uganda, Southern Sudan, The Central African Republic and The Democratic Republic of Congo. However, the wild northern white rhino has extinct.
Since Sudan has died, there is only two northern white rhinos left on earth — his daughter, Najin, and granddaughter, Fatu.Experts says the only hope for preserving the subspecies now lies in developing IVF techniques using eggs from the two surviving females, stored northern white rhino semen samples from dead males, and southern white rhino surrogate mothers.
However, this method is only theoretically possible as there is no successful case before, the probability is very low.
The natural reason is not the only reason that causes the extinction of the northern white rhino.
Around 1970s, there were still about 500 northern white rhinos on earth, the number of this subspecies drops to 15 as there has been a dramatic increase in rhino poaching. Although there was organization tried to save and protect this subspecies, rhino poaching has increase again since 2003, leading to a significate drop of this subspecies again.
Apart from the northern white rhino, there is another species facing the danger of extinction because of over poaching of human, The western black rhinoceros.
The western black rhinoceros is a subspecies of the black rhinoceros, they were most commonly located in several countries towards the southeast region of the continent of Africa. They were heavily hunted for their horn during 20th century, by 1980 the population was in the hundreds. However, as poaching continued, by 2000 only an estimated 10 survived. In 2001, this number dwindled to only five. While it was believed that around thirty still existed in 2004, this was later found to be based upon falsified data. As the surveys since 2006 have failed to locate any individuals, the western black rhinoceros were declared extinct by the IUCN in the 10th November 2011.
In fact, it is not uncommon for species to be extinct or endangered because of human consumption of their own desire. We should, from now on, immediately, refuse to consume any rhino horn products or other works of art made at the cost of animal life. Don't let a species extinct from the world only to satisfy our own pleasure.
There are fewer than 30,000 wild rhinos among five species remaining worldwide, including Javan rhinoceros, Sumatran rhinoceros, black rhino, southern white rhinoceros they are all experiencing furious poaching and in the danger of extinction.
Conservationists across the globe have been expressing sadness at Sudan’s death. Peter Knights, chief executive of anti-poaching charity Wild Aid , said: “We can only hope that the world learns from the sad loss of Sudan and takes every measure to end all trade in rhino horn.”
Apart from rhinoceros, there are many other animals that are facing the danger of extinction, they need human’s attention and help. For example, the
Chimpanzee. Their population has drop dramatically in the consequence of human hunting.
“When are we going to understand that we cannot continue to use and abuse wild species without serious consequences?” said Will Travers, president and co-founder of international wildlife charity Born Free.
Vet Mark Jones, associate director of Born Free, says Sudan’s death should serve as a warning and stressed the importance of efforts to safeguard the survival of the remaining species.
We should take the action now, there is no more time left for us to delay any animals protections.